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EU-Erweiterung, Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik, Europäische Wertegemeinschaft, Partizipation & Zivilgesellschaft

Enlargement Package | Statements zur EU-Erweiterung

Bild: Europaparlament

„Die Aussicht für einen EU-Beitritt des Westbalkans ist glaubhaft, reell und greifbar und alle Prozesse gehen in die richtige Richtung“ sagte die Hohe Vertreterin der EU für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik Federica Mogherini letzte Woche während eines Pressetermins in Belgrad über das diesjährige Erweiterungspaket. Seit einigen Wochen schon bereist sie die Region, um die Optionen der künftigen Erweiterung der Europäischen Union zu kommunizieren.

EBD-Vorstandsmitglied Frank Burgdörfer sagt zum Thema: „Überall auf dem Balkan findet man sie: Europäer, die an Demokratie und Verantwortung glauben. Sie suchen wissbegierig nach übertragbaren Erfahrungen etwa aus Mittelosteuropa. Sie halten den Blick offen, über nationale Grenzen hinweg.“ Sein ausführliches EU-in-BRIEF lesen Sie hier
Eine Übersicht zu allen Aufgaben und Herausforderungen eine Erweiterung durch den Westbalkan und der Türkei finden Sie hier (auf Englisch).
Die EBD bat Europäische Bewegungen des Westbalkans und der Türkei um ihre Statements von Europäischen Bewegungen zur potenziellen Mitgliedschaft in der Europäischen Union und ihre Erwartungen an die Erweiterungspolitik. Um die Beiträge nicht zu verfälschen, veröffentlichen wir sie auf englischer Sprache, genau so, wie Sie eingereicht wurden:

 

EMIM (Montenegro):

General developments within the EU integration of the Western Balkans is burdened with several issues.

The first one is the lack of readiness of many political elites within the EU Member States to show more political courage in promoting the issue of WB Enlargement in their respective countries. Constant excuses with different argumentation can only damage general leverage of EU among citizens and political elites of WB.
In addition, EU MS and EU institutions are strongly underlining political conditions for membership, while in the same time they are neglecting economic empowerment of the WB economies through direct investments of EU companies and transfer of EU economic know-how. In the same time more than 95% of banking system of the WB countries is in the hands of banks from EU countries. The political conditioning has to be followed with strong economic support in all areas of economic cooperation.
 
The second issue is lack of strong readiness of political elites in WB to foster democratic reforms and to strengthen fight against  corruption and organized crime. Reforms are sometimes slower than expected and implementation at the field does not follow the pace of creation of legal framework. EU should intensify monitoring in the field of judiciary reforms and reforms of public administrations, with concrete programs of assistance in these fields. The strategy of the „whip“ and „carrot“ should be implemented in such manner that the „whip“ in area of political conditioning should be followed with the „carrot“ in the form of direct business investments and economic assistance.
 
The third issue is related with lack of readiness of EU institutions to finalize internal EU institutional reform that will provide with the opportunity to accept new members states. The latest Strategy on EU Enlargement in that sense was only disappointment, with no concrete time framework and Action plans in that direction.

 

EMA (Albania):
The enlargement package launched in February this year with the strategic document “A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans” will be completed by the country reports on each of the WB countries. This year the EC report has a special significance for Albania as a recommendation for the opening of the accession negotiations is sought and expected. In the last years, enormous efforts have been made to advance the reforms needed for such an important step in the accession process. Specifically, the ongoing overarching justice reform is starting to shake the judiciary and political landscape which has been the main obstacle for building a democratic and rule of law-based country. Thus, this positive momentum reached needs a clear political sign from the EU institutions and Member States, not as a reward but as a mean to initiate the process of even more demanding reforms which will transform Albania into a functional EU country in the coming decade. 

 

EMINS (Serbia):
Current accession negotiations, apart from being too slow, are overly bureaucratic and segmented. In order to make accession credible and make it achievable within reasonable period of time (10-15 years of accession negotiations is not a reasonable time), new instruments and a new approach will have to be introduced bringing stronger engagement and commitment in the process both from acceding countries and the EU itself. Therefore, road maps (RM) with clear deadlines that would identify key milestones for reaching the next phase in the accession process should be introduced. They would aim to provide clear guidelines and an estimated timeframe thus facilitating the reform process as well as facilitating the tracking of the accession and reform endeavor. Jointly defining the timeline and milestones would make the enlargement process a joint endeavor of the EU and the candidate/potential candidate country every step of the way.

 

TURABDER (Turkey):
The Balkans can be geographically subdivided as the Western Balkans comprised of six countries ( Bosnia Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia) and the Eastern Balkans comprising Greece, Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey. The current enlargement programs should envisage full membership for all six Western Balkans at the same time otherwise a partial enlargement allowing full membership to only Serbia and Montenegro in 2025 could cause serious rivalries, instabilities and new security issues among them which could affect progress along the European path. As to Turkey’s candidacy, dialogue with civil society should be emphasized and accession negotiations should continue.

 

Eine Exklusiv-Veranstaltung der EBD und der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung zum Beitritt Albaniens fand gestern in statt. Lesen Sie den Bericht dazu hier.